The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. Once you have white phosphorus, you can make red phosphorus by adding just a -trace- of iodine to the water under which the white phosphorus must be kept, and putting the jar out in the sunlight. Heat until a red oil distills up from it, and draw that off. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. Cut out and save all the striking strips. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. His steps to discovering this element were undignified, to say the least. Under high heat, the oxygen in the phosphate reacts with carbon making carbon monoxide. The former is a waxy, yellowish-white, very inflammable, and poisonous solid. It’s something that most people wouldn’t even think of trying to do, but back in the mid seventeenth century peoples general knowledge of chemistry was not as advanced as it is today. Hennig Brand discovered the element of phosphorus in 1669. How to make Red Phosphorus. How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. For this reason, we now use red phosphorus in matches. How to make Red Phosphorus. Oh, and keep it under water or it will spontaneously ignite. Voila. Report. How to make Red Phosphorus Dan Lutes. This cools to form solid phosphorus. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. If you did, you'd be following in the footsteps of the least dignified scientist ever. In rickets, the amount of phosphorus released in urine increases 2-10 times in comparison with the norm. Oh, and you'd need about 1500 gallons of urine. When heated with carbon (charcoal) this decomposed to produce white phosphorus and sodium pyrophosphate. The buyers sold the secret to others, but it remained valuable and well-kept until 1737, when someone sold it to the Academy of Science in Paris and it was published. Brand capitalized on that — probably to his wife's great relief. Discard the salt, mix the red oil back into the black material. It is not quite as flammable, but given enough energy it still reacts with air. Follow. IO9 suggests that you wear protective clothing and eye protection, and don't breathe, because "Urine contains urea, and that breaks down into ammonia. In this video I demonstrate how to produce white phosphorus from household materials. Collis King. About 1500 gallons of urine went into his experiment, but it paid off. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. Allow the remainder to cool, where it consists of a black spongy upper part and a salty lower part. Put the … Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. (NH 4)NaHPO 4 —› NaPO 3 + NH 3 + H 2 O The easiest thing to be got from the body was urine, and Brand, somehow, acquired a lot of it. White and red phosphorus are monotropic allotropes – the latter is stable at all temperatures up to its melting point. A multivalent nonmetal of the nitrogen group, phosphorus is commonly found in inorganic phosphate rocks.. Due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never found as a free element in nature. [NOTE: This is a retouched combination picture that … I concur with Wes. The body needs phosphorus to build and repair bones and teeth, help nerves function, and make muscles contract. The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. It glowed, perpetually, in the dark. When I visited my family doctor, he said I'd have to submit urine for testing and stepped out of the room. Could Harvesting Urine Ease Demand For Phosphorus? Don't Think Hygge Thoughts, They Are Evil and Unhealthy. How do you get phosphorus from urine? It is done because both the high level and low level of phosphorus can be dangerous for our health. Boil the urine until it’s a “syrup.” Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. Grab that oil! White phosphorus can be converted to red phosphorus, as they, plus the black form, are all allotropes of phosphorus. Some scientists think, with some tweaks to our sanitation system, human urine could be mined for the necessary phosphorus. These conditions can be the indication of some serious diseases. Red Phosphorus and Violet Phosphorus (Polymeric) Red Phosphorus has more atoms linked together in a network than white phosphorus does, which makes it much more stable. Extracting Red Phosphorus from Matchbooks: Rip off matchbook covers. One litre of urine contains 11 gms of nitrogen, 1 gm of phosphorus and 2 gms of potassium. It’s estimated that Brand used 5,500 liters (about 1500 gallons) of urine to produce just 120 grams of phosphorus, or nearly 46 … He wants to make it from some other phosphorus compound, which is much harder. o 2 Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. Of course, it will take a long time to convert. When the phosphate loses its oxygen, it becomes phosphorus, which at high heat is emitted as a gas. o 3 Pour the urine/charcoal dust and cinnamon mixture into a glass retort with a glass tube leading into a second beaker filled with plain water. Figure 4: red phosphorus is in safety matches. Phosphorus is essential to plant growth, but there’s a looming shortage, which could leave global agriculture without the fertilizer needed to feed growing populations. Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. Feel like doing a lot of horrible things with pee this weekend? He did, however, come up with something he called "cold fire." She didn't have enough money overall — at least not according to Brand — and so he used what money she had to try to make more money. Heat that mixture strongly for 16 hours. Red phosphorus is a non-poisonous, dark red powder that is not very inflammable. That's not making red phosphorus, that's separating it from the other junk in match strikers. How do you get phosphorus from urine? This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. You can obtain it by boiling urine with carbon or by reacting bone-ash with sulfuric acid and carbon. Yellow Is the New Green: Is Pee-Cycling Greener Than a Composting Toilet? Surprisingly, he got one. The phosphate urine test measures the amount of phosphate in a sample of urine collected over 24 hours (24-hour urine test). The phosphorus urine test is used to check the amount of phosphate present in our body. You want to be careful with your exposure." (And keep them in lightproof paper bags - also supplied - of course.) Then he said it: "Urine trouble now! Alchemists tried anything, but they generally fixated on certain substances. IO9 describes the process: You then mix the urine with the tasty powder and heat it in a retort like that kid in the chemistry set has. Terribly rare and precious elements were popular, but so were human fluids. How to Make Phosphorus Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Do you get phosphorus from urine the element of phosphorus from household materials Allow the to. Still reacts with carbon making carbon monoxide and red phosphorus, a black upper part and it! 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