Click here to start building your own bibliography. 1 January 2018 | The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section B, Vol. Schizophrenia High Impact List of Articles PPts Journals 1154. Pettenkofer School of Public Health, Munich, Germany, REGULAR ARTICLE. Responses in the first Delphi round were logged using an online survey system (www.qualtrics.com). Journal of Abnormal Psychology Emotion Deficits in Schizophrenia: Timing Matters Ann M. Kring, Marja Germans Gard, and David E. Gard Online First Publication, November 8, 2010. doi: 10.1037/a0021402 Volume 59, Issue 1. Participants in the third round were asked to evaluate the same list of categories again, this time taking into account the feedback they were sent concerning the responses of the panel and their own previous responses. This meant that in round two, the panel had to consider a list of 114 second-level ICF categories and 33 Personal factors. The journal … In this report, the historical concepts of what constitutes the “characteristic symptoms” of schizophrenia are reviewed in the context of the development of DSM-IV . To help them with this survey they were asked to consider six open-ended questions that covered all four components of the ICF-CS; the Environmental factors component was divided into supportive and hindering factors (survey questions can be consulted in S1 Text). Although psychologists from all over the world took part, the Eastern Mediterranean, Western Pacific, and African WHO regions were under-represented, and this may limit the external validity of our results. Unlike the dementias, schizophrenia … Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field. Personal factors were defined as the particular background of an individual’s life and living situation (e.g., age) [18]. Now available in nearly every metropolitan area in the U.S., consumer-run drop-in centers help people with serious mental illness become part of their communities again. Specifically, all the panelists who had responded in the first round were sent a list of the selected ICF categories linked to the responses of all participants, as well as a list of the categories proposed for Personal factors, along with their respective definitions. In addition, it was made clear that they should have at least one year experience of treating adults with schizophrenia. BMC Psychology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that considers manuscripts on all aspects of psychology, human behavior and the mind, including developmental, clinical, cognitive, experimental, health and social psychology, as well as personality and individual differences. However, as they are relevant to assessment and intervention planning, concepts related to Personal factors were summarized and considered in rounds two and three of the Delphi study. Specifically, our two objectives were: 1) to identify the problems, personal characteristics/resources, and aspects of the environment that psychologists regard as most important for understanding functioning in people with schizophrenia; and 2) to analyze the extent to which the problems and aspects identified are represented in the ICF-CSs for schizophrenia. In this report, the historical concepts of what constitutes the “characteristic symptoms” of schizophrenia … Haddock , G. , Barrowclough , C. , Tarrier , N. , et al ( 2003 ) Cognitive–behavioural therapy and motivational intervention for schizophrenia … Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that afflicts more than 21 million people worldwide [1]. 55 ... the central importance of positive psychology and recovery approaches. In summary, only three of the 76 categories that yielded an agreement of at least 75% do not feature in the Comprehensive ICF-CS for schizophrenia. Sixteen categories that are included in the Activities and Participation component of the Comprehensive ICF-CS for schizophrenia were initially referred to by many of our experts but did not reach the threshold for consensus. My therapeutic journal that I started about 4 years ago moved this process forward. Formal analysis, Of the 29 categories from this component that yielded consensus in the Delphi study, only one (i.e., e135 Products and technology for employment) is not included in the ICF-CS for schizophrenia. Corresponding Author. Schizophrenia is a disabling … With respect to the Activities and Participation component, all the categories that reached consensus (n = 32) form part of the ICF-CS for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness characterized by incoherent or illogical thoughts, bizarre behavior and speech, and delusions or hallucinations, such as hearing voices. Copyright: © 2019 Nuño et al. Regarding the Body structures component, the ICF-CS for schizophrenia does not contain any category from this component. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry: Vol. This validation study highlights the functioning-related issues that psychologists encounter in their work with individuals with schizophrenia and considers the extent to which these aspects are covered by the ICF Core Sets for schizophrenia. Psychology by Richard Gross All the major domains of Psychology are covered in detail across 50 manageable chapters that will help you get to grips with anything from the nervous system to memory, from attachment to personality, and everything in-between. Writing – review & editing, Affiliations Risperidone (oral forms) for people with schizophrenia 6 October 2017 | Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Vol. The responses gathered in the first round were then linked to ICF categories using established ICF linking rules [16,17]. Applying the delta statistic method, a general index of .90 [95% CI: .89 - .91] was obtained, indicating that 90% of agreements were not due to chance. Change style powered by CSL. The disorder is characterized by the presence of delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, abnormal motor behavior (including catatonia), and negative symptoms[3]. Although this wide range of symptoms can be present in different combinations[4], patients across the schizophrenia spectrum commonly experience impairments, limitations, and restrictions in major areas of functioning (such as education, work, interpersonal relations, or self-care). Of the ICF categories that were selected by at least 75% of experts in the Delphi study, 96% feature in the Comprehensive ICF-CS for schizophrenia. Any disagreements between the two independent coders were reviewed and discussed by two other health professionals with the aim of achieving consensus. The expected completion time for each survey round was about 15 minutes. It should also be noted that the response rate across rounds one to three was 78%, considerably higher than the mean across rounds of 50% that is reported in the literature [46]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217936.s001, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217936.s002, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217936.s003, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217936.s004, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217936.s005, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217936.s006, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217936.s007. Specifically, 52% of invited experts who did not respond had less than five years’ experience in the treatment of individuals with schizophrenia, while this was the case for only 20% of the experts who did take part in the first round. Furthermore, all the experts surveyed had considerable experience (54.7% with 10 or more years) in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia, both acute and chronic and from both rural and urban settings. PLOS ONE promises fair, rigorous peer review, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217936.t002. Psychologists with experience of schizophrenia treatment were recruited for a three-round Delphi study in order to gather their views regarding the problems commonly presented by these patients. a 1st year psychology essay (Mark - 80%) Discover the world's research 19+ million members The relevance of this category was likewise noted in the Delphi study from the perspective of psychiatrists [14], where agreement was even higher (97%). The ICF provides just such a framework. MENU (Illustration: iStock) Home > Tell Me All I Need to Know About Schizophrenia. Yes Popular AMA APA ... Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 54(1), p.95. Table 1 shows participants’ demographic and professional characteristics. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217936.g003. Myth #1 Having schizophrenia is a sign of moral failing or weakness. Such a large sample is not common in this kind of study [44,45]. Read the latest articles of Schizophrenia Research: Cognition at ScienceDirect.com, Elsevier’s leading platform of peer-reviewed scholarly literature They primarily worked in clinical practice (mean 46.3% of their time), followed by research (28.1%), teaching and training (16.9%), management (7.8%), and other tasks (0.9%). Consequently, the WHO has established a protocol to develop ICF Core Sets (ICF-CSs) for specific health conditions. Angus MacDonald, III, PhD. 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